Polonnaruwa - Sri Lanka
A good place to see on your next holiday in Srilanka..so pack your backpack and get going….
Poḷonnaruwa is the main town of Polonnaruwa District in North Central Province, Sri Lanka. Kaduruwela area is the Polonnaruwa New Town and the other part of Polonnaruwa remains as the royal ancient city of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa.
The second most ancient of Sri Lanka's kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first established by the Chola dynasty as their capital in the 10th century. The Ancient City of Polonnaruwa has been declared a World Heritage Site.
Raja Chola 1 established Polonnaruwa as a major seat of his kingdom and built a temple of Lord Shiva here.
The city was further developed and enhanced by Vijayabahu and Parakramabahu with huge ponds and canals and agricultural areas. As Buddhism travelled from India to Srilanka during the reign of King Ashoka, some of the great Buddhist monasteries and shrines were created in Sri Lanka.
The Gal Vihara or "rock monastery" was built by Parakramabahu in the 12th century.
The huge Buddhist temple with 4 large Buddha statues was built during this period. These statues are carved out of huge granite blocks. The reclining Buddha is carved out of one single block of granit depicting Buddha just before he attained Nirvava. This statue is 14 metres long and is the largest of the four statues.
Worth a visit just to see both the Hindu and Buddhist temples !!!
And it is not so damaging to your wallet...learn lots of culture and history for very little!